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The 1995 Constitution of the Republic of Uganda provides the mandate to establish an appropriate energy policy when it states:
“The State shall promote and implement energy policies that will ensure that people’s basic needs and those of environmental preservation are met”. This constitutional requirement makes it incumbent upon Government to formulate an energy policy that will not only sustain the impressive economic growth of the last decade or so but also ensure widespread access to affordable modern energy services for improving the living standards of all the people in Uganda.

Maintaining the current growth and, ultimately, achieving sustainable development is a challenge that calls for long term strategic planning. Energy planning and development is a key input in the overall strategic planning cycle. In the past, this important linkage could not be adequately addressed since the energy sector lacked a comprehensive, integrated policy framework. The sector was driven by annual ministerial policy statements accompanying the budget. This holistic energy policy will go a long way in laying the foundation for the country’s development.